Thursday, 26 February 2015

Garnier PureActive Blackhead Clearing Scrub Review

Before couple of years i was not use to face washes, i used to wash my face with soap like pears, lux, goat milk soap etc. once i had a chance to use face wash. i tried it with heavy hands and crossed fingers.. but wow i really felt better. i started using face washes then. i used number of face washes of different brands but garnier is BEST, at least for my skin it did wonders. when ever i go to other brands i have to come back to garnier, u may call it garnier LOVE ;) 

Today i am going to review garnier pure active blackhead clearing scrub, lets see what they claim and what i found.





Product description..



PureActive Blackhead Clearing Scrub’s creamy double-action formula contains 2% Salicylic Acid and exfoliating micro-beads to thoroughly remove dead skin cells and effectively dislodge blackheads and impurities. Together with HerbaRepair, a natural skin-repairing ingredient, it provides concentrated anti-bacterial protection and controls spot-causing sebum production to prevent the re-appearance of pimples and marks.


Packaging and material:

garnier pure active scrub comes in a squeezable bottle of ml. whole tube is easily usable for 3 months or more if you use once per day. This product has creamy texture, minty smell, blue beads like  granules for exfoliation and cooling sensation after wash.











My Experience:

My experience with this product was simply awesome i am really obsessed with this product.I had acne, white heads and acne scars and i was disappointed. after a week of using this product i really felt my acne scars are fading, acne is getting less and no white heads no black heads, yuppie :) 

This product is a part of my night time routine for 2 two months. After cleansing i use it as scrub+face wash with soft wet finger tips in circular motions emphasising on my t-zone . after using it my skin really feels breathing, baby soft, cool and fresh and its soothing minty smell makes me feel relax.




This product really did wonders for me.


Price:

 I bought it for 500rs in December 2014. 

Cautions:

  • If u have sensitive skin visit your dermatologist first.
  • Use once a day and with soft hands, in circular motion because it has hard exfoliating beads which can cause rashes if not handled properly.
  • Its better to use it before bed.

Pros:

  • Easily available.
  • contains salicylic acid,which is the key ingredient to fight acne.
  • cheaper then other salicylic acid containing products like neutrogena which is 800Rs.
  • travel friendly.
  • best for oily skin
  • feel refreshing

Cons:

  • can irritate  dry or sensitive skin.
  • Its strong smell irritates if mint isn't your favourite flavour.
  • Hard exfoliating beads needs soft wet  hands.

Rating:

4.5/5 :)

Conclusion:

 I really like the product and i am going to use it and re buy it in future as itsmy scrub+face wash and a necessary part of my night time routine :)

Never get disappointed of your acne and acne scars, its not that hard to get rid of this evil, please concern to a dermatologist first, along with this product, drink plenty of water, intake fruits with vitamin c as much as u can, cut of sugar from your diet as much as u can,moisturize well especially before bed and say good bye to tensions, u will soon have acne free skin :)

wish you an acne free clear life ahead :)


Thursday, 8 May 2014

Change Your Attitude




Are you feeling down and suffering from lack of motivation?
have you lost your job, loved one etc and feeling like its the end..!!??



NO

Remember Some injuries heal more quickly if you keep moving. The same is true of setbacks in life. Perhaps you lose your job. A relationship might not work out. Maybe the bills are piling up. Don’t put your life on hold so that you can dwell on the unfairness of past hurts. Look instead for ways to move forward. Maybe there is a better job awaiting you that will be more fulfilling and rewarding.

Your relationship May have needed a shake-up, or maybe there is someone better for you. Perhaps your financial challenges will inspire you to find new creative ways to save and build wealth. 


You can’t always control what happens to you. There are some occurrences in life that are not your fault or within your power to stop. The choice you have is either to give up or to keep on striving for a better life. My advice is to know that everything happens for a reason and in the end good will come of it :) Life may be kicking you around right now. You may wonder if your fortunes will improve. I’m telling you that you can’t even imagine the good that awaits you if you refuse to give up. Stay focused on your dream. Do whatever it takes to stay in the chase.


You have the power to change your circumstances. Go after whatever it is you desire. Life is an adventure still being written—and so is yours. Start writing the first chapter now! Fill it with adventure and love and happiness. Live the story as you write it!


I’m sure you've had similar moments when you've prayed or simply wished for a dramatic change in your life. There is no reason to panic if your miracle doesn't arrive, or if your wish doesn't come true right this minute.

Remember, God helps those who help themselves. It’s still up to you to keep striving to serve the highest purpose for your talents and your dreams in the world around you. If you aren't where you want to be or you haven’t achieved all you hope to achieve, the reason most likely resides not around you but WITHIN you. Take responsibility and then take action. First, though, you must believe in yourself and your value. You can’t wait for others to discover your hiding place. You can’t wait for that miracle or “just the right opportunity.” You should consider yourself the stick and the world your pot of stew. Stir it up.

First, you will face moments of doubt and fear. We all do. Feeling down is natural; it is part of being perfectly human. Such feelings pose a danger only if you allow negative thoughts to stick around instead of just letting them wash over you.
When you trust that you have blessings—talents, knowledge, love—to share with others, you will begin the journey to self-acceptance even if your gifts are not yet apparent. Once you begin that walk, others will find you and walk with you.
Sometimes, you see, God expects you to help out with the heavy lifting. You can wish. You can dream. You can hope. But you must also act upon those wishes, those dreams, and those hopes. You have to stretch beyond where you are to reach where you want to be.
The fact is that as mere mortals, you and I have limited vision. We can’t possibly see what lies ahead. That’s both the bad news and the good news. My encouragement to you is that what lies ahead may be far better than anything you ever thought possible. But it’s up to you to get over it, get up, and show up!

BUT STILL... MY LIFE IS OUT OF CONTROL..

True, you can’t control everything. Too often bad stuff happens to people no matter how good they are. Whether your life is good and you want to make it better, or whether it’s so bad you just want to stay in bed, the fact is that what happens from this very moment is up to you and ALLAH.

Its your day, its the moment.. start from NOW... because sometimes its now or never.

wish you reader a peaceful, self satisfied and Happy life ahead :)

Monday, 23 December 2013

Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W.W) & The Garbage Thrower: (a heart touching story)

She thought till late at midnight and finally decided how to take revenge from him. She could not sleep all night, because she was too eager to take revenge for the idols she worshiped. Even before the first ray of sunlight had entered her window, she was busy sweeping her house. She saved all the garbage in a basket, placed it on the roof of her house and proudly looked at it for a while, then with an impatient look on her face, she looked at the street that she lived on, and thought, "No one has ever seen him angry. Everybody will praise me when they will see him shouting at me and getting mad. They will laugh at him and make fun of him." She looked at the basket again and grinned.
Meanwhile, she heard footsteps, announcing the approach of the end of her waiting. "Finally my prey has arrived," she thought, as she saw a man dressed in clean, white clothes coming that way. She picked up the basket in her hands and threw all the garbage on him when he passed by. Much to the woman's disappointment, he did not say anything and continued on his way.
She did the same the following day thinking, "Maybe this time I will be able to annoy him." But he was too gentle to shout at a woman. She misinterpreted his attitude as fear and decided to repeat the same mischief everyday in order to keep him frightened, so that he might stop preaching the Oneness of God.
This gentleman whom the woman hated so much was Muhammad (pbuh), the last prophet of Allah Almighty. He did not want to disappoint the woman and so continued to walk down the street everyday, instead of picking an alternate route, and prayed for the woman to recognize the Truth.
One day, the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did not find the woman to be on the roof of her house with the basket. This worried him, because he thought something must have happened to her for not being over there. So he knocked at the door. "Who is it?" asked a feeble voice. "Muhammad bin Abdullah," was the reply, "can I come in?" The woman feared, "I am sick, and too weak to fight or talk back, therefore Muhammad has come to take revenge for what I have been doing to him." But the permission to enter her house was in such a gentle voice that she allowed him in.
Muhammad (pbuh) entered the house and told the woman that not finding her on the roof had worried him and he thus wanted to inquire about her health. On finding out how ill she was, he gently asked if she needed any help. Hypnotized by the affectionate tone in the Holy Prophet's (pbuh) blessed voice, she forgot all fear and asked for some water. He kindly gave her some in a utensil and prayed for her health, while she quenched her thirst. This made her feel very guilty for being so cruel to him in the past and she apologized for her mean behavior. He forgave her and came to her house everyday to clean it, to feed her and to pray for her, till she was on her feet again. The kind attitude of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) inspired her into the recognition of the Truth, and his prayers were answered in the form of yet another addition into the growing number of Muslims.

Marriage and Prophet Muhammad(PBUH)

In the early part of eighteenth century, many of the  writers started with new tactics of attacking Islam. They aimed, through publications full of lies and slanders, at diverting attention from the noble framework of Islam and degrading the exalted person of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (May peace be on him and his progeny).
The basis of that adverse propaganda was the books written in fifteenth century. A writer had written a book under the title 'Refutation to the Religion of Muhammad', which became the source of later writers against Islam. These writers were unacquainted with the real facts about Islam, due to their ignorance of the Arabic language in which Islamic history and holy books were then available.
It is not strange, therefore, to see them writing against the Prophet of Islam, accusing him of lust because he had married a number of wives, whilst other Muslims were restricted to a maximum of four at a time. (They perhaps forgot that the writers of the present Bible have openly accused their own Prophets of having committed adultery!)
Of course, by misinforming their brothers, and slandering the Prophet of Islam, they hoped to cause a set-back in the fast progress of Islam. But these tactics did not succeed much. We find a number of learned and fair-minded  writers defending the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) against such slanders, in apologetic language.
Undoubtedly these stories of slanders are totally unacceptable to the Muslims, since part of their faith is to believe in the infallibility (Ismat or Sinless ness) of the Prophets.
But at the same time it is imperative to acquaint the non-Muslims with the true facts.
Verdict of history:
Unbiased historians, both Muslims and Christians, are agreed that the number of marriages contracted by the Prophet of Islam was not as a result of lust or to satisfy the sexual desires. If this had been the case, he would not have married the twice-widowed Khadijah, 40 years old, at the youthful age of 25 when one is full of emotion and sexual urge.
Prophet Mubammad (s.a.w.) lived together with his first (and, at that time, only) wife, Khadijah, happily for 26 years with great mutual affection, despite the fact that young and beautiful girls of Arabia were easily available to him and were keen to be married to the Prophet Muhammad (saw). Not even once, during that period, did the Prophet Muhammad (saw) take another wife. Undoubtedly he would have at least considered another younger wife simultaneously with Khadijah if he ever suffered from lust and fondness of young women, particularly when the country's customs wholly approved unlimited marriages.
Critics Dumbfounded:
Let us look at the life history of the Prophet of Islam. During the prime of his life, he remains satisfied with an aged and twice-widowed wife, and does not even think of another. Then during the last ten years of his life, after passing the age of fifty, in his old age, when he is surrounded by various difficult problems of the newly-born Islamic State, he starts marrying a number of wives.
Ask these writers why this phenomenon?
What logical answer can these critics give to this amazing question?
Was it not a difficult exercise and heavy burden to marry widows and support their orphans? Was it easy for a perfectly dignified man in the person of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) to marry women of different outlook, characters and tribes, including some of much younger age who were still unaware of the full responsibilities of life?
Let us ponder over the reply to these questions as given by a famous western historian, Thomas Carlyle in his book "Heroes and Heroes Worship". He says in effect that contrary to what his enemies accuse him, Muhammad was never lusty and sexualize and that it was a slander only out of prejudice against him and this indeed is a great injustice.
John Devenport says, "and it may then be asked, is it likely that a very sensual man, of a country where polygamy was a common practice, should be contented for five-and-twenty years with one wife, she being fifteen years older than himself".
List of wives of the prophet of Islam:
After the death of his first wife, Khadijah, he married upto twelve wives in the following order:
  • Sawdah
  • A'ishah bint Abu Bark Siddiq (first Caliph)
  • Umm Salamah
  • Hafsah bint Omer Farooq (second Caliph)
  • Zaynab bint-Khuzaymah
  • Zaynab bint-Jahsh
  • Umm-Habibah (Ramla) bint Abu Sufyan
  • Maymunah
  • Zaynab bint-Umais
  • Juwayriyah
  • Safiyah
  • Khawlah bint-Hakim
Let us examine the circumstances and conditions under which these marriages had taken place.
In principle, it can be stated that the marriages were contracted with one or more of the following objectives:
(1) For the sake of caring for the orphans and looking after the poor widows. These were some Muslim women who had earlier enjoyed high dignity in the Arab society. But on the death of their husbands, their status and even faith were in jeopardy, because their tribal chiefs would take them back and compel them to renounce Islam, thus converting them back to polytheism.
For example, Sawdah had migrated to Abyssinia where her husband died, and she became absolutely without helper. It was the time when the Prophet Muhammad (saw) had lost Khadijah, his first wife; so he married Sawdah.
Likewise, Zaynab daughter of Khuzaymah, was an old-aged widow, who after the death of her husband was inflicted with poverty, despite her being amiable and being known as 'Ummul-Masakin' (Mother of the poor). Prophet Muhammad (saw) married her to uphold her dignity and she died of old age only after two years of that marriage.
(2) For the sake of enacting a new law and eradicating injustice by the ignorant tribes. For example, Zaynab bint-Jahsh was the daughter of the Prophet's aunt. She was married, at the recommendation of the Prophet, to Zayd ibn-Harithah, the freed slave and adopted son of the Prophet. This marriage was contracted to eradicate the discrimination against slaves and poor and to emphasize the Islamic equality and brotherhood, as Zaynab was from the family of Abd al-Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) and the Chief of Quraysh, whereas Zayd was a slave who was freed by the Prophet Muhammad (saw).
Unfortunately, Zaynab due to her family pride, did not get along well with Zayd despite Prophet's persuasions. The rift between the two culminated into divorce. Meanwhile, the system of adoption of children was expressly forbidden by Allah (SWT). So, when Zayd divorced Zaynab, the Prophet of Islam, at the express command of God, married Zaynab; and, thus, put an end to the then prevalent belief that adopted sons were like real sons and that wives or widows of adopted sons were like daughters-in-laws.
(3) For the sake of freeing prisoners and slaves. For example, 'Juwayriyah' was from a prominent tribe of Banul-Mustalaq. In a war against Islam this tribe was defeated; and Juwayriyah, the daughter of their Chief, was held in captivity. Prophet Muhammad (saw) married her to set an example of protection and good treatment to prisoners of war.
On seeing that the prisoners had become relatives of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) by marriage, the Muslims released all the prisoners of war held by them. According to Ibne Hisham, over one hundred families of Banul-Mustalaq were freed from captivity as a result of this marriage.
(4) For the sake of uniting some prominent Arab tribes who often were at logger heads with each other and to safeguard the internal political status of Islam.
Prophet Muhammad (saw) married A'ishah daughter of Abu Bakr Siddiq (first caliph) from the tribe of Bani Tim, Hafsah daughter of Omar ibn Al-Khattab (second caliph) from the tribe of Adi, Umm-Habibah daughter of Abu Sufyan from the tribe of Umayyah, Safiyah daughter of Huaiy bin Akhtab of the Jewish tribe of Bani an-Nadir, and Maymunah from the tribe of Bani Makhzum.
Umm-Habibah (i.e. Ramla) was daughter of Abu Sufyan of Bani Umayyah who was the bitterest enemy of Prophet Muhammad (saw) and had repeatedly fought against him. She, as a Muslim, was in great distress since she was divorced from her original husband (who had become a Christian in Abyssinia) and her father was a great enemy of Islam.
Seeing her deprived of every help from parent and divorced from husband, Prophet Muhammad (saw) married her in sympathy. This marriage also gave a chance to the people of Bani Umayyah to soften their hearts for Islam.
Safiyah was widowed daughter of Huaiy bin Akhtab, one of the chiefs of Jewish tribe of Bani an-Nadir. When the prisoners of this tribe were released by the Muslims, Prophet Muhammad (saw) married her in order to safeguard her status; and, thus, also linking himself with one of the great Jewish tribes of that time, and paving the way for them to come nearer to Islam.
Maymunah was 51 years of age and from a prominent tribe of Bani Makhzum whom Prophet Muhammad (saw) married in the year 7 after Hijrah.
The above marital history of Prophet Muhammad (saw) clearly shows the noble aim and objectives for which he married a number of wives. It is not difficult to see that none of these marriages was for personal satisfaction of sexual desires as unjustifiably accused by the Christian writers. Also, it is important to remember that all of these marriages, except that with A'ishah bint Abu Bark Siddiq, were contracted with women who were widowed not only once, but often twice or thrice.

Sunday, 22 December 2013

MOTIVATIONAL

sometimes a single video leads to high moral...

http://tune.pk/video/68221/How-to-Choose-the-Right-Field-by-Qasim-Ali-Shah

http://tune.pk/video/36683/Change-Yourself-to-Change-the-World-Lecture-by-Qasim-Ali-Shah

Wednesday, 4 December 2013

SECRET from THE SECRET

Last days my sisters Rabeeya & Madiha were niggling me to read there favourite book ” THE SECRET”… as per her wish I did it, figured it… concluded and I wonder I revealed a secret from ‘ THE SECRET” and that is “ISLAM”, the teachings of Islam.. Image
This book is about “The Law of Attraction” it says,  think positive,  wish for what you want really, pray for it and leave the rest to the entity which is much more powerful than we humans.. There is a power who is pompous. Believe and have trust in him, sooner or later he will give you what you prayed for what you actually wanted.
From your whole day, have some time for yourself and for your desires. Think of that…, feel that u Have it.. Never give up. Never say NO..or i can’t do that either  find ways and you  will see lots of it.. now get back to your work… leave the rest upon him. He will make impossible, possible for you.
Be thankful and grateful to him, say thanks several times a day..
Be what you actually want to be… and you will be like that soon.
All these are the teachings of Islam.. written in QURAN  and taught by the Holy prophet MUHAMMAD (S.A.W). Islam teaches us to have faith in ALLAH who is the one and only creator.. we thank him 5 times a day by namaz and several times by heart. we ask him and pray him for our wishes and desires and leave the rest upon him and I swear.. he capitulate. It really gives us mental satisfaction and peace inside :)

Friday, 29 November 2013

FLOOD MONITORING IN PAKISTAN

Flooding is one of the most universal natural hazards. Riverine floods are caused by precipitation over large areas or by melting of the winter’s accumulated snow, or by both. In fact, flooding is a natural hazard that is becoming a greater threat. It is a natural disaster which affects a wide range of environmental factors and activities related to agriculture, vegetation, human and wild life and local economies.

FLOODS IN PAKISTAN:
Floods are almost annual events in Pakistan. Pakistan has been experiencing floods mainly because of its topography, Sind, Kabul and swat are three hazard prone rivers, and due to climatic and ecological condition, Pakistan constantly received flooding every year. This is not a matter of concern every year. However, when floods exceed normal flooding level, they take dangerous turns. Many times in the history of Pakistan, floods took severe and sometimes catastrophic turns. In the past Pakistan experienced severe floods in 1973, 1992, 2006 and 2010. But 2010 flood breaks all past records. Latest Government estimates put the number of people directly affected by the floods at 15.4 million, and the number continues to rise (National and Provincial Disaster Management Authorities, 16 August).
Assessments to establish the degree to which affected populations are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance continue. The official death toll has risen to 1,402, with 2,024 people reported as injured. Over 893,000 houses are now reported to have been either damaged or destroyed.
Pakistan is one of the most natural disaster-prone countries in the World. Natural disasters often result in great losses, both in terms of materials and people’s lives.
Due to its unique geo-climatic conditions, Pakistan is one of the most disaster prone countries in the world. Four provinces, AJK and Gilgit baltistan are vulnerable to one or the other geo-climatic disaster. Over 40% of landmass is vulnerable to earthquakes, 6% to cyclone, 60% to floods and 25% of the Barani land under cultivation is vulnerable to drought.
2010 extreme floods results the loss in terms of lives and assets have been incalculable. A disaster wipes out the gains achieved in decades of development in the affected area. Repeated disasters threaten sustainable development in Pakistan Disasters destroy decades of human effort and investments, thereby placing new demands on society for reconstruction and rehabilitation.

If one adds the losses in countries like Pakistan, where most of the property of the people, especially in the rural areas remains uninsured, the losses are astronomical.
The unique geo-environmental setting of the North Himalayas, the heavy rainfall, weak geological formations, accelerated rates of erosion followed by silting and meandering of rivers, very high seismicity makes the Northern area one of the most disaster prone regions in the country. Considering this, and the comparative inaccessibility, the North region demands special attention to minimize loss of lives and social, private and community losses and to ensure sustainable development.
Vulnerability to natural disasters combined with socio-economic vulnerability of the people pose a great challenge to the government machinery.
Recently Pakistan’s southern provinces, Balochistan and Sindh were severely affected by flash floods, from 26 June to 10 July 2007. The floods were caused by torrential rains, gushing water from high altitudes of Kirthar to plains of Sindh significantly contributed in flooding. Monitoring for floods requires monitoring of water level, current, and precipitation to record and trigger an alert based on these parameters.

IMPACTS OF 2010 FLASH FLOODING
Many houses and bridges have been destroyed due to flash flooding and also, due to the water accompanied debris, which mostly consists of timber logs, tree branches and uprooted trees of different sizes. The mass of debris has been created by destabilization of slope, the sub soil layer and vegetation over the same which is transported by the floodwaters. Mountainous watershed systems in northern Pakistan collectively send water to rivers leading downstream areas.

2010 FLOOD IN URBAN AREAS NOSHERA
The city of Noshera and few other urban areas of Punjab and Sind located in the flood plain of the swat and Sind Rivers badly destroyed by floodwater associated with heavy rain. The urban area is located in the catchments, In Noshera city debris flow and flooding caused damages and losses to shops, commercial centers and house hold items such as furniture, electronic items so on. The city transportation system, water supply, sewerage and drainage systems were also subjected to severe destruction or failure in functioning.

2010 flood is slow onset disaster in which damage to life and property is failure of NDMA and government of Pakistan because in slow onset disaster damages can be minimized if a country have system in place (like early warning system, hazard assessment, risk calculation etc). Political differences amongst federal and provincial governments leading the Flood 2010 disaster toward complex disaster.
If government of Pakistan and international community fail to manage or poorly managed 2010 flood disaster then it will resulted dire consequences for Pakistan and rest of the world .If we calculate the amount of damage, magnitude and spread of this disaster, there is a immediate need to manage this disaster properly, if serious steps will not be taken by Government, UN and donor countries the situation will create complex disaster which later on change into second disaster which not only affect Pakistan but the whole civilized world.

                                FLOOD MONITORING IN PAKISTAN

Different organizations, govt institutions and NGO’s  are working for flood monitoring in Pakistan. Thought this field is growing by leaps and bounds but organizations like SUPARCO, Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD), World Metrological Organization (WMO)  & (WAPDA)  etc are playing an important role.

IN SUPARCO:  

TRMM and ALOS data have been used for monitoring the event of floods. flooding along Kalpani River in Mardan district [34° 11/ N, 72° 03/] of Pakistan in August 2006 is considered here. It was observed that the flood had occurred because of high intensity rains in the last week of July and first two weeks of August 2006 in the region, affecting 136 villages in the district. The extraordinary rains also had flushed Hoti Bridge over Kalpani River causing casualties and damage to local houses and infrastructure in the district. using TRMM data, the rainfall intensity has been analyzed, from 1998 till 2006 for specific months of August for Mardan district. PALSAR (ALOS) images of pre-and-post flood events have been processed to determine the extent of flooding. Three polarizations HH, HV and HV combination of PALSAR images in RGB of post-and-pre flood could have effectively helped in distinguishing the wet areas in the affected district, but those were not available. PRISM (ALOS) data have been used for landuse / land cover map generation. SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) derived DEM has been used to extract the low lying areas along Kalpani River and hence was treated as the area under flooding.
                   The damage assessed by UNOSAT using data of Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) onboard Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS) in combination with Tropical Rain Measurement Mission Satellite (TRMM) and other ancillary data greatly helped in finding the most affected areas. Also the unprocessed PALSAR images of pre and post flood periods downloaded from JAXA-ALOS site were used to assess change detection. As Pakistan is frequently affected by such disastrous situations, it is recommended that Digital Elevation Model (DEM) generated from Panchrometric Remote Sensing Instrument for Stereo Mapping (PRISM) onboard ALOS along with other optical data can be effectively used for flood mapping along River Indus for identification of most vulnerable areas.

Flood Early Warning System in Pakistan

                  The signing ceremony of Strengthening of Flood Early Warning System in Pakistan project was held on July 12, 2011. The Grant Agreement was signed between Mr. Nishikata Takatoshi Representative, JICA Pakistan and Representative of the UNESCO in Pakistan, Dr Kozue Kay Nagata. The event was attended by Chairman SUPARCO Mr. Bilal Ahmad, Director General Pakistan Metrological Department Mr. Arif Mehmood and Chief of Water Planning Commission Mr. Naseer Ahmad Gillani. Officials from Economic Affairs Division (EAD) and Indus River System Authority (IRSA) also attended the event. the objectives of the project are:
1. Strategic Augmenting of Flood Forecasting and Hazard Mapping  Capacity.
2. Knowledge Platforms for Sharing Transboundary and  Community Data.
3. Capacity Development for Flood Forecasting and Hazard  Mapping.


The International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management has developed a concise flood-runoff analysis system as a toolkit for more effective and efficient flood forecasting in developing countries. This system is called "Integrated Flood Analysis System (IFAS)". A diagnostic hydrological analysis of floods in the Indus basin will be carried by UNESCO in cooperation with PMD and ICHARM staff to clearly outline the forecasting modelling needs. A detailed database comprising of the relevant spatial and temporal information will be prepared by UNESCO (local consultant) in cooperation with relevant Pakistan organizations and in coordination with ICHARM.
The project will benefit all flood-affected areas by working closely with all relevant departments of the Government of Pakistan. At the technical level the project is primary beneficiaries are the Pakistan Meteorological Department (especially its Flood Forecasting Division), Federal Flood Commission (FFC) and the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).


FURTHER FLOOD MONITORING :

Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD) has a broad mandate  of supporting agro-based economic activities, air and maritime traffic safety, disaster mitigation efforts and disseminating weather forecasts to numerous end users;
With respect to fulfilling the disaster mitigation mandate World Metrological Organization (WMO)  supports PMD in disseminating forecasts and advisories on cyclonic activity and other hazards  over North Arabian Sea;
Other national actors whose capacities are utilized to reinforce Monsoon Hazards Early Warning are Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) and Provincial Irrigation Departments. Both monitor flood prone rivers /water channels’ flows and WAPDA deploys a time sensitive telemetry system for this purpose.



 In addition Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere  Research Commission (SUPARCO), maritime agencies like Pakistan Navy, Maritime Security Agency (MSA) and air space users like Pakistan Air Force also reinforce monsoon weather and impact monitoring efforts;
Following devastating floods of 1992, national Flood Early Warning system was reinforced through creation of Lahore based Floods Forecasting Division, an affiliate organization of PMD. It is the national focal point for monsoon early warning dissemination and broadly its mandate covers:
·         Dissemination of daily floods forecasts  during the monsoon season
·         Flood situation reporting like disseminating data on flood levels in various rivers

FFD based Riverine Floods Forecasting System benefits from the inputs of:
·         Network of nation- wide  weather forecasting radars;
·         Doppler radars that provide quantified flood warning in the Kashmir catchment
·         Telemetric system which transmits real time inputs on flood quantums;
·         Satellite coverage which includes  indigenous capacity, support from Chinese and WMD satellite network; and
·         Flood information received from India  as part of Indus Water Treaty

However, for tropical cyclone early warning PMD maintains Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre in Karachi and it is linked to WMO’s regional Warning Centre in New Delhi (India).
Brief Analysis of National Monsoon Hazards Forecasting System
·         Vulnerable regions with respect to riverine floods early warning are: Upper KP (along rivers Kabul and Swat), Gligit Baltistan (GB), Upper AJK and where Chenab enters Pakistan in eastern Punjab. Early Warning for major floods in these areas span from 6-18 hours;
·         Flood early warning coverage of Kabul and Indus catchments in upper KP is relatively weak;
·         There is no effective early warning system in place for flash floods which tend to occur country wide: across GB,  upper KP,  upper AJK, along Indus Right Bank through KP, Punjab and  Balochistan. Only one telemetry based   system is deployed to early warn Rawalpindi of flash floods along Leh Nullah
·         Past experiences affirm that accuracy of seasonal forecasts is tentative at best as accurate forecasts normally cover shorter periods: a fortnight or even less;
·         Please note that PMD’s Monsoon Seasonal Forecast is anticipated before 10 June;
·         However, past experiences affirm relatively more accurate tropical cyclone monitoring and land-fall  predictions which facilitated proactive responses.

RAWALPINDI
 The special control rooms established to monitor possible flood situation in Nullah Leh have been put on high alert to cope with any emergency situation. According to the TMA sources, a special control room to monitor all arrangements and flood situation of Nullah Leh set up in the TMA building is working round the clock and monitoring the situation.

                                      FLOOD BY LENSE..














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